Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease
Researchers have uncovered a strong correlation between your gum health and whole-body health, so we make a point of educating all our patients on the risks and prevention of the gum diseases, gingivitis, and periodontitis.
Gingivitis occurs when the bacteria in plaque buildup causes your gums to become inflamed and swollen. This can often result in minor bleeding while brushing your teeth or flossing, persistent bad breath or a lingering bad taste in your mouth. During this stage, your gums become irritated and sore, but your teeth will remain firmly planted and your bone and oral tissue will remain undamaged. Regular brushing and flossing can help to combat gingivitis, but regular dental cleanings are an important part of an effective overall oral health plan.
Although gingivitis might not significantly affect your dental health, if left untreated it can lead to periodontitis, a much more serious disease. Periodontitis occurs when your gums become so swollen that they will pull away from the base of your teeth, causing ‘pockets’ to form in the spaces. These become infected as bacteria spreads below your gum line. Your body’s immune system attacks the infection and when combined with toxins produced by the bacteria, can begin to deteriorate the bone and connective tissue that hold your teeth in place. If untreated, this leads to your teeth becoming loosened and/or lost completely.
Periodontitis is the number one cause of tooth loss in adults but is almost always preventable. if you’re concerned about bleeding gums or how we can help you prevent gum disease, please don’t hesitate to call our office today.